With the Laravel Schemaless Attributes Laravel package by Spatie, you can add schemaless attributes to Eloquent relational models. The readme of the package sums up this package perfectly:

Wouldn’t it be cool if you could have a bit of the spirit of NoSQL available in Eloquent? This package does just that. It provides a trait that when applied on a model, allows you to store arbitrary values in a single JSON column.

Since this package requires a database with support for json columns, you will need to use a database like MySQL 5.7 or higher.

You get and set schemaless attributes the same way you set attributes:

$yourModel->extra_attributes->name = 'value';
$yourModel->extra_attributes->name; // Returns 'value'

To save schemaless attributes, save the model:

// Persists both normal and schemaless attributes

One question I had when I started checking out this package was querying the model’s extra attributes:

    'name' => 'value',
    'name2' => 'value2

To get going with this package you install it with composer:

composer require spatie/laravel-schemaless-attributes

Next, you’ll need to add the following to a model migration that you want JSON attributes:

Schema::table('your_models', function (Blueprint $table) {

Check the documentation for the additional steps you need to prepare a model for schemaless data. If you plan to use schemaless data on multiple models, the documentation shows you how to create a trait for the extra attributes accessor and scope.

This package provides an excellent way to add, access, and persist schemaless data inside a relational database, with convenience methods around working with JSON data. Check out the GitHub repository for the full documentation and source code.

Sumber: Laravel Blog